The economic development of China has amazed the world and is still continuing to rise and become more concrete predominately in African countries. Recently, the Chinese investment in Africa has increased in different areas (i.e. construction, agriculture, oil). African countries tend to switch from the western to the Chinese practices and there are several reasons behind this. Since 1955, at the Bandung conference, China has shown its friendship and willingness of cooperation with Africa. In that context it was more to free the colonies, that relation has been extended with year to a more economic oriented goal. Starting in the year 2000, China came to Africa with a new style of investing which was different from what the continent had been used to with their colonizing countries. China and Africa have nearly the same historical past, which makes the relationship different from a colonizer to the colonies’ nation. In 2009 China became the 1st commercial partner of Africa importing oil, minerals, and exporting its mobile phones, cars, and textiles. Many Chinese companies are settling in Africa and operating in different business areas either in joint ventures or subsidiaries. The recent China Africa Summit in South Africa (4-5 December 2015) is a proof of the determinism of the Chinese government in Africa. The government pledged $60 billion in various kind of support, including $5 billion in grants with zero interest loans. On the Chinese side, “Industrial capacity cooperation” (产能合作) and “strategic complementarity” (战略对接) were the two keywords for their economic aspiration in Africa. However, it is said that countries do not have friends, all they have are interests. For example, it can be derived to the Chinese actions in the technology transfer. Most of the time when the Chinese are investing or supporting construction projects, they come with their labor at the disadvantage due to the local workforce and the slow knowledge transfer. One thing is sure: Africa needs China as much as China needs Africa. With a population of 1.3 billion, China needs somewhere to take its resources to feed its people and Africa needs the Chinese expertise in construction and technology. The real question is whether this relationship can be sustained without turning into a “western style” of cooperation in which African countries suffer?